Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Qualitative Research and Reflector Groups

In order to have an impact on reducing inequity in health and preventing disease rather than just treating disease, it is necessary to influence people's attitudes and behaviours towards health, and in order to accomplish this it is necessary to have knowledge about health-related attitudes and behaviours and people's perceptions towards their health, as well as the prevalence of risk factors, such as smoking, and prevalence of diseases and medical conditions.

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Community Assets 2014-15

This report presents the findings of a study carried out between September 2014 and February 2015 in Hull. The central focus of the research was to use qualitative research methods from an assets approach perspective to explore the assets existing in the different communities of Hull, and to reflect on how these assets can be utilised to promote public health in the city. Focus groups were undertaken with diverse community groups across the city as well as individual case study interviews with members of these groups. Additionally, two stakeholder events were held with professionals and community members to inform the development of the research.

The specific objectives of the research were:

1) To briefly explore, within local community groups, beliefs and attitudes to health and risks, barriers to changing behaviours, and ways to start changing attitudes and overcoming these barriers

2) To explore in greater detail, using an asset-based approach, what assets exist in different communities throughout the city, and how these assets can be utilised to improve health and wellbeing

3) To explore the following issues related to the asset-based approach: the health promoting environment; people's life-course and stories, including their mental health and their views on what constitutes "wellbeing"; resilience; integration; and social isolation

The full report from this research project is available below.

Community Assets 2014-15 (219 pages)

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Reflector Groups Following 2012 Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey

A Health and Lifestyle Survey was undertaken among young people aged 11-16 years (school years 7-11) within Hull with completion the fieldwork during around Easter 2012. All but one of Hull's 14 secondary schools agreed to participate, as did three pupil referral units, one special school as well as one of the local independent (private) schools. Questionnaires from 3,802 pupils were included in the analysis representing just over one in every four young people in Hull of secondary school age. A reduced version of the questionnaire, without questions on sexual health and drug use, was available for schools, if required. The survey was broadly representative of young people in the city, although older pupils were under-represented (partly due to the timing of the survey and examinations).

Five focus groups were held with different year groups from five schools across the city. Each group lasted the length of one lesson (approx. 45 – 50 minutes) and was agreed and arranged in advance with the school representative that had assisted in the administration of the questionnaire. Eight pupils were selected by the school at random to attend each group; it was emphasised that the pupils selected should be representative of the year group. In-depth interviews were also conducted with health professionals.

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Reflector Report (34 pages)

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Reflector Groups Following 2008-09 Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey

A Health and Lifestyle Survey was completed among young people aged 11-16 years (school years 7-11) within Hull with fieldwork completed during the period November 2008 to February 2009. Thirteen of the fourteen schools agreed to participate as well as a further three Pupil Referral Units (PRUs). St Mary's school did not agree to take part, which takes pupils from across the city. A total of 2,928 completed questionnaires were obtained.

Reflector groups were also held with the aim of understanding the underlying opinions and attitudes in relation to smoking, diet, exercise, obesity, alcohol and drugs. Two groups were conducted in two schools across all school years, and four further groups were held with those aged 16-18 years.

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Reflector Report (24 pages)

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Reflector Groups Following 2011-12 Adult Health and Lifestyle Surveys

For the 2011-12 Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey individuals (aged 16+ years) were approached by interviewers knocking on their door and asking them to participate (this method was also used for the BME survey) with Gypsy and Travellers approached using existing networks and contacts.  Most questionnaires were self-completed.  The fieldwork undertaken between October 2011 and February 2012 for the main survey, and the BME and Gypsy and Traveller surveys occurred immediately afterwards.  Quota sampling in the main survey was used to ensure the sample was broadly representative of Hull's population.  A total of 13,553 adults aged 16+ years participated in the main survey, 1,000 participated in the BME survey and 72 participated in the Gypsy and Traveller survey.

Reflector groups were held in early 2014, among particpants in the 2011-12 survey,with the aim of understanding the underlying opinions and attitudes in relation to smoking, diet, exercise, obesity and alcohol.  The ten groups recruited were as follows:

i-v) Five groups based on the five motivation segments classified using the Healthy Foundations tool of 19 questions – mixed age and gender
vi) Young people – aged 16-34 years, mixed gender, range of ethnicities, including Polish, Asian and African
vii) Middle aged people – aged 35-54 years, mixed gender
viii) Older people – aged 55 years and over, mixed gender
ix) Living in most deprived areas iof Hull, mixed age and gender
xi) Living in the least deprived areas of Hull, mixed age and gender

Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Reflector Groups Report (66 pages)

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Reflector Groups Following 2007 Adult Health and Lifestyle Surveys

For the 2007 Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey individuals (aged 18+ years) were approached by interviewers knocking on their door and asking them to participate. Potential BME survey responders (18+ years) and Gypsy and Travellers (16+ years) were approached using existing networks and contacts. Most questionnaires were self-completed, and fieldwork was undertaken in early 2007. A total of 4,086 adults participated in the main survey, 1,163 participated in the BME survey and 100 participated in the Gypsy and Traveller survey.

Reflector groups were held after the survey had been completed with the aim of understanding the underlying opinions and attitudes in relation to smoking, diet, exercise, obesity and alcohol. The groups were recruited by telephone and on a face-to-face basis with a target of 12 attendees for each group. The groups recruited were: (i) all female – mixed age and living in the most deprived areas of Hull (18–64 years); (ii) all male – mixed age and living in the most deprived areas of Hull (18–64 years); (iii) male and female – mixed age and living in the least deprived areas of Hull (18–64 years); (iv) male and female aged 18–24 years; (v) male and female aged 60+ years; and (vi) male and female ethnic minority / immigrant participants(18–64 years).

Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Reflector Report (41 pages)

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In-depth Interviews Following 2009 Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey

The fieldwork for a Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey occurred during Autumn 2009 for Veterans who lived in Hull and had served in the British Armed forces since 1970. Potential survey responders were approached using existing networks and contacts. A press release was also issued encouraging Veterans to come forward to participate in the survey. A total of 53 Veterans completed questionnaires between August and October 2009, and around 20 Veterans completed an in-depth interview. Due to the methodology used to approach Veterans, those who participated in the survey will not necessarily be representative of all Veterans living in Hull.

Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Veterans Report (32 pages)

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Attitudes to Health and Screening

The Attitudes to Health Survey 2007 examined attitudes to health as well as risk factors for health such as smoking, diet, exercise, obesity, etc. Attitudes to screening and health checks were also investigated. A summary of the findings is also given in the JSNA Toolkit.

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Other

You might also be interested in details of the Adult Health and Lifestyle Surveys, Young People Health and Lifestyle Surveys, Social Capital Surveys, and Other Surveys (which includes BME and Gypsy and Travellers).

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