Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Obesity

The following specific reports have been produced on obesity:

Physical Activity, Diet and Obesity Report 2014 (37 pages)
Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet Summary 2014 (3 pages)
Overweight and Obesity Report 2013 (24 pages)
Obesity and Exercise Report 2007 (71 pages)
NCMP Child Obesity Bulletin 2011/12 (2 pages)
Child Obesity Trends to 2010/11 (16 pages)
Hull JSNA Toolkit: Overweight and Obesity (192 pages)

The 2014 report and summary detail findings relating to diet (and exercise) from the Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014, with additional information from the qualitative work undertaken after previous health and lifestyle surveys of adults and young people, further details of which can be found here. Also included are local analyseis of the relevant Public Health Outcome Framework indicators, further details of which may be found in the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here)

The 2013 report details findings relating to overweight and obesity from Hull's Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 and the National Child Measurement Programme, but additional information relating to hospital hospital admissions is included as well as information on Hull's obesity strategy. The total number of adults (aged 16+ years) in Hull who are overweight or obese is also estimated, based on population estimates and the prevalence of the risk factor in the surveys.

The 2007 report details the findings relating to overweight and obesity from the Hull's Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007. The 'risk' of overweight or obesity is also examined in statistical modelling to determine which other factors are associated with overweight and obesity with the aim of targeting those individuals in order to reduce their weight.

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Definitions

The definitions used to define overweight and obesity are given in the individual reports, but also within the JSNA Toolkit and Glossary.

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Asset Approach

The strategy must emphasise that services are insufficient on their own to ensure a reduction in obesity rates. An assets based approach should be utilised to complement existing service provision and inform future development. Some of the most powerful influences on behaviour change are family and neighbours, people seen as part of the local community. Using Health Trainers and Health Champions recruited from within the communities themselves can help to support people who want to make changes to their lives to improve levels of exercise and improve their diet. Through becoming more empowered as individuals these people then become more engaged in their community and build better social networks. People can help each other and act together to make healthy choices easier for the whole community, making activities self sustaining, such as happened with the local 'Looking Good, Feeling Good' project.

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Attitudes to Health (Including Obesity)

Information about the attitudes to health which included obesity are summarised in the JSNA Toolkit. The information comes from the reflector / focus groups undertaken after the Health and Lifestyle Surveys of adults and young people.

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Reflector Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Reflector Report

Further information is available in the Attitudes to Health Survey 2007 completed among adults aged 40-60 years.

Further information on whether adults feel as if reducing their weight would improve their health is given in the JSNA Toolkit as well as the Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report.

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Evaluation

The local weight loss programmes were evaluated using the SF-36v2TM, details of which are given within the JSNA Toolkit. Further details of the SF36 questionnaire which measures physical and emotional health are given in the Glossary.

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Factors Predicting Obesity

Factors which predict overweight and obesity are given in the Obesity and Exercise Report 2007.

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Inpatient Admissions

The number and rate of hospital admissions for obesity is given in the JSNA, JSNA Toolkit and the Overweight and Obesity Report 2013. For further information about inpatient admissions, see the Glossary.

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Obesity Services

Details of commissioned services to help reduce their weight are given in the Overweight and Obesity Report 2013 and the JSNA Toolkit.

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Projections

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to be obese. These estimates are available in the JSNA Toolkit.

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Prevalence

Information on height and weight were not collected in the Young People Health and Lifestyle Surveys, but children aged 4-5 and 10-11 years are measured as part of the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) which is detailed below. Levels of overweight and obesity was collected in the majority of the adult surveys. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults is given in the following reports:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Main Report

The prevalence in relation to age and gender is given in the JSNA and JSNA Toolkit with the latter also examining overweight and obesity in relation to deprivation and employment status.

The prevalence was also examined at ward level within the following documents:

JSNA Hull Atlas
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Hull's Ward Profiles 2013
Hull's Ward Profiles 2009

In Hull, the measuring of children's height and weight was started much earlier compared to other geographical areas, so useful trend information exists. The following reports are available from NCMP data.

NCMP Child Obesity Bulletin 2011/12 (2 pages)
Child Obesity Trends to 2010/11 (16 pages)

The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 4-5 and 10-11 year olds are indicators within the Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. This information is also displayed within the JSNA Hull Atlas.

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Risk Factor

Information relating to obesity as a risk factor is given in the JSNA Toolkit and the Overweight and Obesity Report 2013.

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Social Marketing

Considerable Social Marketing work has been undertaken examining behaviour and attitudes to overweight and obesity in Hull with the aim of providing more relevant information to help people achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Further work has been completed within reflector groups following some of the local surveys and the Attitudes to Health Survey 2007. The following reports include information on attitudes to overweight and obesity:

Attitudes to Health Survey 2007
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Reflector Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Reflector Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Reflector Report

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