Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Index List: U-Z


Uncertainty / Problems of Small Numbers

– see Statistical Methods

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Under 18s Conception Rate

The trends in the under 18s (and under 16s) conception rate is given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People the Hull JSNA Toolkit: Sexual Health.

The under 18 conception rate is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. This information is also displayed within the JSNA Hull Atlas.

Further associated information (e.g. fertility rates and numbers of births) for women of all ages are also given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Demography and Demographics.

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Under 75 Year Mortality

As everybody dies, to assess poor health and mortality, premature mortality is often used which is defined as dying prior to the age of 75 years. For mortality rates, see Mortality.

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Undetermined Injury and Suicide

Suicide rates generally include causes classified as undetermined injury as the classifications by the local coroners may differ across the country. Mortality rates from suicide and undetermined injury as well as rates by deprivation are given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Mental Health and Learning Disabilities. The number of deaths is also given for different causes and cumulative mortality plots by age over all causes are also produced within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Mortality, although for these latter plots some causes are grouped due as the numbers are too small to present.

Mortality from suicide and undetermined injury is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Unemployment

Nationally derived information relating to unemployment including those aged 16-18 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEETs) is given in the JSNA and Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures.

Employment status was collected as part of the local Surveys. The national estimates are more appropriate for Hull's overall population, but the survey estimates can be used for specific groups where information will not be available or published for specific groups as follows:

BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Veteran Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report

There are a number of indicators associated with the labour market within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They include the percentage of 16-18 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEETs), gap in employment rates between those with a long-term health condition and the general population, gap in employment rates between those with a learning disability and the general population, and sickness absence rates.

Figures on the number of benefit claimants are available from the Department for Work and Pensions, and are presented within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures which include those claiming benefits because they are unable to work or are unemployed, and information on the numbers of claimants by age (18-24, 25-49 and 40-64 years) and length of time out of work (up to 6 months, over 6 months and up to one year and over one year). For associated information, see Deprivation.

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Update of JSNA

The JSNA documents are continually updated. Within each of the Hull JSNA Toolkit reports, tables give the date when each table and figure within the document was last updated and to what data in the tables and figures refer.

New data becomes available at different times of the year, and it is not always possible to update the information quickly when large numbers of tables and figures, and text needs updating. Therefore, please feel free to Contact Us if you require further information.

For some data items there is a considerable delay before data is available. For instance, national mortality rates published on Health and Social Care Information Centre's Indicator Portal (http://www.indicators.ic.nhs.uk/webview/ or http://nww.indicators.ic.nhs.uk/webview/ with an NHS n3 connection) are generally available approximately 13 months after the end of the calendar year (so data for 2009-11 would be due approximately December 2012 to February 2013), but this is not always the case and sometimes the data is delayed by several additional months.

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Upset or Worried

As part of the local Young People Health and Lifestyle Surveys, young people were asked if they were worried about a number of factors within the last month, such as homework, money, health, friends, being bullied, etc. In the first two surveys conducted during 2002 and 2008-09, young people were also asked what things they did if they were worried or upset, such as talking to friends, talking to family, listening to music, smoking tobacco, etc. The findings are given in the survey reports:

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2002 Main Report

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Use of Land

– see Environmental Factors and Housing

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Vaccinations

– see Vaccinations and Immunisations

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Variability

– see Statistical Methods

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Veterans

The fieldwork for a Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey occurred during Autumn 2009 for Veterans who lived in Hull and had served in the British Armed forces since 1970. As well as a questionnaire, around 20 Veterans completed an in-depth interview. Potential survey responders were approached using existing networks and contacts. A press release was also issued encouraging Veterans to come forward to participate in the survey. Due to the methodology used to approach Veterans, those who participate in the survey will not necessarily be representative of all Veterans living in Hull. A total of 53 Veterans completed questionnaires between August and October 2009. They had served in and left Armed Services during 1970 or after 1970. A number of in-depth interviews were also conducted.

Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Main Report (32 pages)
Veterans' Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Questionnaire (16 pages)

Information relating to the survey is also summarised within the JSNA Toolkit.

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Violent Crime

The number of crimes and crime rate for different types of crime is given at ward level within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures.

The rate of violent crime (hospital admissions for violence and crime rate) are indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. The hospital admission rate for violent crime is also given at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

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Visual Impairment

The number of people registered as blind and partially sighted, and numbers with additional disabilities in Hull are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: General Health, Disabilities, Caring and Use of Healthcare Services.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have moderate or severe visual impairment or a registerable eye condition. These estimates are available in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Older People.

There are four indicators of preventable sight loss based on New Certifications of Visual Impairment (NCVI) within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are NCVIs due to:

4.12i) Age-related macular degeneration for those aged 65+years
4.12ii) Glaucoma for those aged 40+ years
4.12iii) Diabetic eye disease for those aged 12+ years
4.12iv) All causes both preventable and non-preventable

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Waiting Lists for Housing

The JSNA Toolkit gives the number of households on the local authority housing waiting lists.

See also Environmental Factors and Housing.

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Wards

For details of the local wards, see Geographical Area.

Where data is available and the numbers are sufficiently large so that estimates are reasonably reliable, information is presented at ward level within the Hull JSNA Toolkit reports. The JSNA Hull Atlas displays ward level data for a number of measures of health needs, these include information on population including estimates of the prevalence of Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups, marital status, types of dwellings, highest educational attainment, employment, language spoken at home, deprivation, benefit claimants, fuel poverty estimates, crime rates, prevalence of lifestyle and behavioural risk factors such as smoking, health status collected from the 2011 Census and local Health and Lifestyle Surveys, hospital admission rates, mortality rates and life expectancy. See the JSNA Hull Atlas for more information.

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Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS)

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WCC / World Class Commissioning

JSNA Toolkit Release 4 includes some background information on previous commissioning approaches undertaken by NHS Hull, such as World Class Commissioning.

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'We're All Ears' Listening Exercise

The Listening Exercise, also known as 'We're all Ears', had an overall aim of consulting with local people and organisations in the city to support progress towards the agreed NHS Hull vision, which is as follows:

"The PCT will work with partners and local people to create an affordable healthcare system that exceeds minimum standards in quality and access. We will work with the citizens of Hull to improve their health and well-being as well as their healthcare."

The engagement had two broad objectives:

To listen to residents to understand their needs and aspirations for health in the city
To engage NHS staff in the consultation, to provide greater understanding and an organisational cultural shift into a more patient friendly and public aware organisation

There are three reports available:

Listening Exercise Stage One Report
Listening Exercise Stage Two Report
Listening Exercise Stage Two Summary

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Weight Loss

Two local weight loss programmes were evaluated using the SF-36v2™, details of which are given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Overweight and Obesity. Further details of the SF36™ questionnaire which measures physical and emotional health are given in the Glossary.

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Wellbeing

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WEMWBS / Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale

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Whooping Cough / Pertussis

The incidence of pertussis (whooping cough) is given within the Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and young People. Information relating to the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTP) vaccination is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and young People and Hull JSNA Toolkit: Vaccinations and Immunisations.

The uptake of DTP is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. This is also given at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

Information on other Vaccinations and Immunisations is also available.

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Winter Deaths

Excess winter mortality is calculated as winter deaths (deaths occurring in December to March) minus the average of non-winter deaths (April to July of the current year and August to November of the previous year).

Information relating to the excess winter mortality rate is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Mortality.

Excess winter deaths is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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World Class Commissioning (WCC)

JSNA Toolkit Release 4 included some background information on previous commissioning approaches undertaken by NHS Hull, such as World Class Commissioning.

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Worried or Upset

As part of the local Young People Health and Lifestyle Surveys, young people were asked if they were worried about a number of factors within the last month, such as homework, money, health, friends, being bullied, etc. In the first two surveys conducted during 2002 and 2008-09, young people were also asked what things they did if they were worried or upset, such as talking to friends, talking to family, listening to music, smoking tobacco, etc. The findings are given in the survey reports:

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2002 Main Report

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Young People

There are a number of school-based surveys that have been completed among young people (aged 11-16 years) living in Hull. Information relating to the surveys is detailed in the survey reports and summarised within various topic-specific Hull SNA Toolkit reports. Topics covered in the surveys included:

General health status
Access to the internet
Use of mobile phones
Physical activity
Safety
Happiness
Attitudes to school
Bullying
Worries
Family
Caring
Ethnicity
Health and use of health care services including dentistry
Diet
Cookery
Alcohol
Smoking
Drugs
Sexual health

Some of the survey data is also displayed at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

Information relating to young people is contained throughout the Hull JSNA Toolkit reports. The choice of topic-specific reports for the Hull JSNA Toolkit was around risk factors, vaccinations and specific diseases rather than on different age groups, although there are reports on young people and older people for topics that did not specifically fall into any of the diseases or other topics.

Also see Vaccinations and Immunisations.

A number of indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework relate to young people and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here), Public Health Outcomes Framework Young People Report and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. The indicators include:

Children in poverty
Pupil absence
First time entrants into youth justice system
Low birth weight
Breastfeeding
Smoking at time of delivery
Under 18 conceptions
Excess weight in 4-5 and 10-11 year olds
Hospital admission caused by unintentional and deliberate injuries in young people
Emotional wellbeing of looked after children
Infant mortality
Vaccinations

Some of the Public Health Outcomes Framework indicators such as:

Children in poverty
Pupil absence (based on ward of school)
Excess weight
Hospital admissions for children

are also displayed at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

There are also specific programme budgeting and marginal analysis reports on children and young people which examines expenditure in relation to outcomes for Hull and compares these with other comparator areas:

PBMA Children and Young People 2009/10
PBMA Children and Young People 2008/09
PBMA Children and Young People 2007/08

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