Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Index List: E


Earnings

Information on the labour market including earnings is given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures.

Survey responders in the 2009 Social Capital Survey and 2011-12 and 2007 Health and Lifestyle Surveys were asked about their household income. Not everybody wanted to or could answer the question, so the responses could be biased, but the information is included within the survey reports:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report

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Education

Patient education in relation to diabetes is discussed within the Diabetes Equity Audit.

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Educational Achievement

Educational achievement in Hull schools is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures.

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Educational Attainment

Highest educational attainment was collected as part of the local surveys, and summarised within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures, and detailed within the individual survey reports:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Eastern Hull Tables
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 West Hull Tables
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report

Highest educational attainment was collected as part of the 2011 Census, and is presented at ward level with the JSNA Hull Atlas.

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber). These profiles include some brief information from the 2011 Census on highest educational attainment.

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Effect Modification

– see Glossary

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Emphysema

See also Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have bronchitis and emphysema. These estimates are available in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Older People.

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Employment and Employment Status

Information on the labour market including unemployment, benefit claimants, qualifications, employment groupings, earnings and sickness absence rates are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures. Employment status is also given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures from the Department of Works and Pensions, and employment status was collected as part of the local Surveys. The prevalence of risk factors, such as 5-A-DAY, alcohol consumption, physical activity, obesity, and smoking are also given in relation to employment status within the JSNA Toolkit.

There are a number of indicators associated with the labour market within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They include the percentage of 16-18 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEETs), gap in employment rates between those with a long-term health condition and the general population, gap in employment rates between those with a learning disability and the general population, the gap in employment rates between those with a serious mental illness and the general population, and sickness absence rates.

Socio-economic classification, employment status and number of hours worked, usual method to travel to work, lone parents with dependent children and their employment, and approximated social grade is given at ward level from the 2011 Census in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

Survey responders in the 2009 Social Capital Survey and 2011-12 and 2007 Health and Lifestyle Surveys were asked about their qualifications and household income. Not everybody wanted to or could answer the income question, so the responses could be biased, but the information is included within the survey reports:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber). These profiles include information on the labour market.

Figures on the number of benefit claimants are available from the Department for Work and Pensions, and are presented within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures which include those claiming benefits because they are unable to work or are unemployed, and information on the numbers of claimants by age (18-24, 25-49 and 40-64 years) and length of time out of work (up to 6 months, over 6 months and up to one year and over one year).

For associated information, see Deprivation.

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Employment Vacancies

Information on the labour market including numbers of employment vacancies is given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Deprivation and Associated Measures.

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Engagement in the Community

Levels of civic engagement in the community was collected as part of the Social Capital Surveys, and some of the local health and lifestyle surveys. The findings are summarised in the JSNA Toolkit and detailed within the survey reports as follows:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report

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Environment

– see Environmental Factors and Housing

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Epilepsy

The prevalence and modelled prevalence for each general practice, and the prevalence in relation to deprivation are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Epilepsy.

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Equity Audits

There are various definitions of equity and of health equity audits, but essentially a health equity audit identifies how fairly services or other resources are distributed in relation to health 'need' of different groups and areas, and assesses the success of programmes which aim to improve any inequity that is found.

Health equity was defined as

i) Equity in health – the absence of systematic disparities in health with all groups entitled to the highest attainable standard of health
ii) Equity of access or opportunity – equal access to services for equal need.

Further details on the definitions used can be found within the JSNA Toolkit and Glossary as well as each of the equity audits listed below.

A number of health equity audits have been completed across Hull and East Riding of Yorkshire. Each equity audit has been slightly different, but in general has followed a similar process of examining disease-specific data to assess the underlying overall health needs, examining health inequalities in more detail in relation to gender, sex, deprivation and other groups where information allowed, examining national recommendations and guidelines specifically for the disease, assessing the provision of local services in relation to reducing inequalities, and using the information to generate recommendations. Not all the information is available for all equity audits, and the Hypertension Equity Audit was a smaller project, with a less detailed final report. Population structure, diagnosed prevalence, modelled prevalence, primary care prescribing, hospital admissions, and mortality were examined, where the data was available.

The following equity audits are available:

Stroke Equity Audit – September 2011
Hypertension Equity Audit – February 2011
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Equity Audit – December 2010
Diabetes Equity Audit – October 2008
Mental Health Equity Audit – March 2007
Cancer Equity Audit – July 2006
Coronary Heart Disease Equity Audit – September 2005

Please click here to open the Equity Audit page for information and to find all the equity audits produced by Hull Public Health are available.

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Ethnicity

Population estimates of ethnicity and Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups and language spoken at home are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Demography and Demographics.

Two BME and Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Surveys have been conducted. The findings are summarised within the JSNA Toolkit, and detailed within the survey reports (2011-12 BME report includes Gypsy and Travellers).

BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report

The BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report compares the health of asylum seekers with the general Hull population, as a number of asylum seekers were included in the 2007 survey.

Other specific information comparing British White with BME groups has been given within the JSNA Toolkit on topics such as school readiness, breastfeeding rates, child vaccination rates, and dental health.

The Health Equity Audits discuss health inequalities in relation to BME groups (although in general little information is available to present). The following equity audits are available:

Stroke Equity Audit – September 2011
Hypertension Equity Audit – February 2011
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Equity Audit – December 2010
Diabetes Equity Audit – October 2008
Mental Health Equity Audit – March 2007
Cancer Equity Audit – July 2006
Coronary Heart Disease Equity Audit – September 2005

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber). These profiles include information from the 2011 Census on ethnicity.

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Evaluation

Details of the evaluation of local exercise programmes and weight loss services are given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Exercise. The weight loss programmes were evaluated using the SF-36v2™ which is a frequently used questionnaire to asses various components of physical and mental health.

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Excess Winter Mortality

Excess winter mortality is calculated as winter deaths (deaths occurring in December to March) minus the average of non-winter deaths (April to July of the current year and August to November of the previous year).

Information relating to the excess winter mortality rate is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Mortality.

Excess winter deaths is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Exercise

- see Physical Activity

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Expenditure and Programme Budgeting

- see Expenditure and Programme Budgeting

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Eyesight / Visual Impairment

The number of people registered as blind and partially sighted, and numbers with additional disabilities in Hull are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: General Health, Disability, Caring and Use of Healthcare Services.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have moderate or severe visual impairment or a registerable eye condition. These estimates are available in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Older People.

There are four indicators of preventable sight loss based on New Certifications of Visual Impairment within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are preventable sight loss due to:

4.12i) Age-related macular degeneration for those aged 65+years
4.12ii) Glaucoma for those aged 40+ years
4.12iii) Diabetic eye disease for those aged 12+ years
4.12iv) Those due to all causes both preventable and non-preventable

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