Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Index List: B


Benchmarking

Comparator Areas gives details of the comparator areas which are similar to Hull and have been used for benchmarking within the JSNA Toolkit and other local reports. Various factors such as population, ethnicity, deprivation, housing stock, etc are examined in relation to the characteristics of Hull in the Comparator Areas and JSNA Toolkit. These comparator areas are also used within the local analysis of the Public Health Outcomes Framework indicators, and may be found in the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here).

The general practices in Hull differ with regard to their registered population in terms of deprivation and age of patients. Whilst general practices can be compared, it is better and easier to try to compare like-with-like. As a result, the general practices in Hull have been grouped according to the average deprivation score of their patients and the average age of their patients. The General Practice Comparator Groupings document provides further details.

The Hull City Council Customer Profiles were produced using the methodology from a Leeds University PhD project, which involved cluster analysis of a number of 2001 Census variables at lower layer super output area level. The ten classifications that were produced were largely defined by housing tenure and age. Life expectancy and under 75 all cause mortality rates have been examined within the Hull JSNA Toolkit: Life Expectancy and Hull JSNA Toolkit: Mortality respectively in relation to these Customer Profile types.

These Custmer Profiles have recently been updated using information from the 2011 Census.

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Benefit Claimants

- see Deprivation

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Benefits for Carers

- see Deprivation

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Binge Drinking

Please click here to open the Alcohol page where all the resources on alcohol produced by Hull Public Health are available.

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Birth Weight, Low

The prevalence of low birth weight is given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People. Low birth weight (of term babies) is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. However, the data differs as the information in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People relates to all births whereas the information in the Public Health Outcomes Framework relates only to babies with a gestational age of at least 37 weeks.

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Births, Number

The number of births in Hull is given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People.

Information is given at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

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Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups

Population estimates of ethnicity and Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups and language spoken at home are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Demography and Demographics.

Two BME and Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Surveys have been conducted. The findings are summarised within the JSNA Toolkit, and detailed within the survey reports (the 2011-12 BME report includes Gypsy and Travellers).

BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report

The BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report compares the health of asylum seekers with the general Hull population, as a number of asylum seekers were included in the 2007 survey.

Other specific information comparing British White with BME groups has been given within the JSNA Toolkit on topics such as school readiness, breastfeeding rates, child vaccination rates, and dental health.

The Health Equity Audits discuss health inequalities in relation to BME groups (although in general little information is available to present). The following equity audits are available:

Stroke Equity Audit (September 2011)
Hypertension Equity Audit (February 2011)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Equity Audit (December 2010)
Diabetes Equity Audit (October 2008)
Mental Health Equity Audit (March 2007)
Cancer Equity Audit (July 2006)
Coronary Heart Disease Equity Audit (September 2005)

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber) and these are available on www.humberdataobservatory.org.uk These profiles include information from the 2011 Census on ethnicity.

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Blind

The number of people registered as blind and partially sighted, and numbers with additional disabilities in Hull are given in Hull JSNA Toolkit: General Health, Disabilities, Caring and Use of Healthcare Services.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have moderate or severe visual impairment or a registerable eye condition. These estimates are available in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Older People.

There are four indicators of preventable sight loss based on New Certifications of Visual Impairment within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are:

4.12i) Those due to age-related macular degeneration for those aged 65+years
4.12ii) Those due to glaucoma for those aged 40+ years
4.12iii) Those due to diabetic eye disease for those aged 12+ years
4.12iv) those due to all causes both preventable and non-preventable

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Bloodspot Newborn Screening

Uptake of screening for phenylketonuria using 'bloodspot screening' is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework, and the latest local analysis may be found in the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here).

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BME / Black and Minority Ethnic groups

-see Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups

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BMI (Body Mass Index)

-see Glossary

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Body Mass Index (BMI)

-see Glossary

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Bowel Cancer

Information relating to risk factors, incidence, hospital admissions, mortality and survival is included within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Colorectal Cancer. Hospital admission and mortality information is also presented by deprivation.  The percentage of bowel cancer deaths out of all cancer deaths is also given

Information on bowel screening is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Colorectal Cancer and Hull JSNA Toolkit: Screening.

Information is also available in the Cancer Equity Audit.

General information relating to Cancer is also available.

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Breakfast/Skipping Breakfast

-see Diet

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Breast Cancer

Information relating to risk factors, incidence, hospital admissions, mortality and survival is included within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Breast Cancer. Hospital admission and mortality information is also presented by deprivation. Information is also included on expenditure.  The percentage of breast cancer deaths out of all cancer deaths is also given.

Uptake rates for breast cancer screening and factors influencing uptake are given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Breast Cancer and Hull JSNA Toolkit: Screening.

Breast cancer screening uptake is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

Information is also available in the Cancer Equity Audit.

General information relating to Cancer is also available.

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Breastfeeding

The prevalence of breastfeeding is given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People.

Social marketing research is being undertaken in Hull which examined factors which influence breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks (for babies born 19th February 2009 to 19th May 2009 inclusive). The percentages exclusively breastfed at 6-8 weeks ranged from 9.4% to 46.2% across the wards in Hull. Deprivation, ethnicity and ACORN classification were strong influential factors. Details are given within Hull JSNA Toolkit: Children and Young People.

Breastfeeding initiation (within first 48 hours) and totally or partially breastfed at 6-8 weeks are indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Bronchitis

Also see Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have bronchitis and emphysema. These estimates are available in Hull JSNA Toolkit: Older People.

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Bullying

Bullying was included as a topic in the school-based surveys conducted among young people (aged 11-16 years) living in Hull. Information is available in the following reports:

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2002 Main Report

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