Hull Public Health 

The Deep, Hull The Guildhall, Hull King William Statue, Market Place, Hull City Hall, Hull Spurn Lightship, The Marina, Hull

 

 

Environmental Factors and Housing


Documents

The main documents containing information relating to environmental factors and housing are:

JSNA
JSNA Toolkit
JSNA Hull Atlas
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report

Other documents containing information on the environment or local area or housing are:

Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here)
Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report

The Social Capital Surveys asked survey responders about their feelings about their local area such as satisfaction with traffic or parking, and about how safe they felt when walking alone in their area during the day and after dark. The 2007, 2011-12 and 2014 Health and Lifestyle Surveys also included information on some of these aspects of social capital so are included in the list of documents containing information on housing and the environment.

Further details are given below for specific environmental factors and housing measures.

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Access to a Car or Van

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to whether households had access to a car or van.

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Affordability of Housing

Information on the affordability of housing is given in the JSNA Toolkit.

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Air Pollution

Information on levels of air pollution is given within the JSNA Toolkit.

The fraction of mortality attributable to particulate air pollution is an indicator within the Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Census

A Census has been undertaken in England every ten years for more than a century, with the last one undertaken on the 27th March 2011. In theory, every person living in England should complete a census form. There are questions about the household such as dwelling type, numbers and relationships of those in the home (household composition), central heating, tenure and access to car or van, and from this information such as population estimates, population density, lone parents, adult life stage, overcrowding and a measure of household deprivation can be obtained. Individual information was also collected on marital status, ethnicity, main language spoken at home and proficiency in English, religion, highest educational attainment, employment, usual method to travel to work, socio-economic group and health.

The majority of the above information from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas at ward level.

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber) and these are available from www.humberdataobservatory.org.uk These profiles include information from the 2011 Census.

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Central Heating

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to whether there was central heating in the household.

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Climate Change and Sustainable Development

"Sustainable development provides a framework for balancing economic, social and environmental considerations, including climate change – this supports public health through strengthening community resilience and reducing health inequalities in addition to adapting for the years ahead. Achievement of a sustainable, low carbon, public sector will not be monitoring sustainability is a process measure for board approved sustainable development management plans for public sector organisations."

Department of Health (2012). Improving outcomes and supporting transparency. Part 2: Summary technical specifications of public health indicators, January 2012. London, Department of Health.

NHS organisations mapped to local authority with a Sustainable Development Management Plan (SDMP) is one of the indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Customer Profiles

The Hull City Council Customer Profiles were produced using the methodology from a Leeds University PhD project, which involved cluster analysis of a number of 2001 Census variables at lower layer super output area level. The ten classifications that were produced were largely defined by housing tenure and age. Life expectancy and under 75 all cause mortality rates have been examined within the JSNA Toolkit in relation to these Customer Profile types. These are currently being updated using information from the 2011 Census.

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Decent Homes Standard

Decent homes standard and other information relating to housing is given within the JSNA Toolkit.

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Density of Population

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to population density. Also see Population.

Information is given at ward level in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

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Environment

Information on land use and air pollution is given within the JSNA Toolkit.

There are a number of indicators relating to the environment within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are:

Number of complaints about noise
Percentage of the population affected by transport noise
Utilisation of outdoor space for exercise/health reasons
Fraction of mortality attributable to particulate air pollution
NHS organisations mapped to local authority with a Sustainable Development Management Plan (SDMP)

Homelessness, fuel poverty, excess winter deaths and road traffic accidents are also indicators which are related to the environment.

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Excess Winter Mortality

Excess winter mortality is calculated as winter deaths (deaths occurring in December to March) minus the average of non-winter deaths (April to July of the current year and August to November of the previous year).

Information relating to the excess winter mortality rate is given within the JSNA Toolkit.

Excess winter deaths is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Fuel Poverty

A household is said to be in fuel poverty if it needs to spend more than 10% of its income on fuel to maintain a satisfactory heating regime (usually 21 degrees for the main living area, and 18 degrees for other occupied rooms). The estimated percentage of households in fuel poverty is given in the JSNA Toolkit at lower layer super output level (these geographical areas had a minimum population size of 1,000 and a mean population size of 1,500 when they were generated following the 2001 Census, and there were 163 in Hull in 2001).

Fuel poverty is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas at ward level.

Fuel poverty is one of the indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Homelessness

Information relating to housing is given in the JSNA Toolkit including homelessness.

There are four indicators related to accommodation and homelessness within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are:

Percentage of working-age learning disability clients who are living in their own home
Percentage of adults receiving secondary mental health services living independently
Rate of statutory homeless households
Households in temporary accommodation

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas for various 'housing' measures, such as number of households, type of dwelling, tenure, central heating, overcrowding, household composition and household deprivation.

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Household Composition

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to marital status and household composition, including lone parent households and adult life stage.

The Surveys asked about the number of people living in the households (and some of the surveys asked their relationships to each other and whether the adult survey responder lived with a partner), so some information is available on those living with a partner, number of adults and number of children in the household, and household composition. Some of this information is tabulated against gender, age, deprivation and geographical location in the following reports:

Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2012 Main Report
Young People Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008-09 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Veteran Health and Lifestyle Survey 2009 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Eastern Hull Tables
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 West Hull Tables
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report

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Household Deprivation

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to household deprivation. Also see Deprivation.

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Housing Types

Information relating to housing is given in the JSNA Toolkit which includes affordability, decent homes standard, homelessness, lettings, local authority expenditure and income, prices, prices relative to earnings, rents, social housing sales, housing types and stock and waiting lists.

Tenure was also collected as part of the local Surveys and detailed within the reports:

Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Eastern Hull Tables
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 West Hull Tables

There are four indicators related to accommodation and homelessness within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are:

Percentage of working-age learning disability clients who are living in their own home
Percentage of adults receiving secondary mental health services living independently
Rate of statutory homeless households
Households in temporary accommodation.

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas for various 'housing' measures, such as number of households, type of dwelling, tenure, central heating, overcrowding, household composition and household deprivation.

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Housing Types Segmentation

The Hull City Council Customer Profiles were produced using the methodology from a Leeds University PhD project, which involved cluster analysis of a number of 2001 Census variables at lower layer super output area level. The ten classifications that were produced were largely defined by housing tenure and age. Life expectancy and under 75 all cause mortality rates have been examined within the JSNA Toolkit in relation to these Customer Profile types. These are currently being updated using information from the 2011 Census.

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Humber Data Observatory

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber) and these are available on www.humberdataobservatory.org.uk These profiles include information on housing:

Type of dwelling
Council tax banding

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Independence (To Live At Home)

From the local authority Place Survey 2008, people were asked the extent to which older people receive the support they need to live independently at home, and the percentage for Hull is compared with its comparators in the JSNA Toolkit. Information is also given on social care and caring for others within the JSNA Toolkit.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. It provides estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have specific health and caring needs, for example, numbers predicted to live in care homes and numbers with care needs. These estimates are available in the JSNA Toolkit.

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Labour Market

Information on the labour market including earnings including employment groupings, earnings and sickness absence rates are given in the JSNA Toolkit. Employment status is also given in the JSNA Toolkit from the Department for Work and Pensions, and employment status was collected as part of the local Surveys.

The prevalence of risk factors, such as 5-A-DAY, alcohol consumption, physical activity, obesity, and smoking are also given in relation to employment status within the JSNA Toolkit.

There are a number of indicators associated with the labour market within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They include the percentage of 16-18 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEETs), gap in employment rates between those with a long-term health condition and the general population, gap in employment rates between those with a learning disability and the general population, gap in employment rates between those with a serious mental illness and the general population, and sickness absence rates.

Socio-economic classification, employment status and number of hours worked, usual method to travel to work, lone parents with dependent children and their employment, and approximated social grade is given at ward level from the 2011 Census in the JSNA Hull Atlas.

Survey responders in the 2009 Social Capital Survey and 2011-12 and 2007 Health and Lifestyle Surveys were asked about their household income. Not everybody wanted to or could answer the question, so the responses could be biased, but the information is included within the survey reports:

Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report

The Humber Data Observatory have completed ward profiles for each ward in Hull (and the Humber) and these are available on www.humberdataobservatory.org.uk These profiles include information on the labour market.

Figures on the number of benefit claimants are available from the Department for Work and Pensions, and are presented within the JSNA Toolkit which include those claiming benefits because they are unable to work or are unemployed, and information on the numbers of claimants by age (18-24, 25-49 and 40-64 years) and length of time out of work (up to 6 months, over 6 months and up to one year and over one year). For associated information, see Deprivation.

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Land Use

Information on land use is given within the JSNA Toolkit.

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Learning Disabled Living in Own Home

The percentage of working-age learning disabled clients (18-64 years) who are living in their own home is an indicator within the Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Mental Health and Living Independently

The percentage of adults aged 18-69 years receiving secondary mental health services who live independently is an indicator within the Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Noise

The number of complaints of noise and the percentage of population exposed to transport noise is an indicator within the Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Projected Household Estimates

The projected number of households in Hull is given in the JSNA Toolkit as well as projected population estimates from the Office for National Statistics.

The Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI) System provides population projections for people aged 65+ years for 2011, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030 (i.e. predictive modelling). It provides various estimates of the number of people aged 65+ years in Hull are predicted to have specific health needs but some are related to housing, such as numbers predicted to be in care homes. These estimates can be found in the JSNA Toolkit.

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Public Health Outcomes Framework / PHOF

There are a number of indicators relating to the environment within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary. They are number of complaints about noise and percentage of the population affected by transport noise, utilisation of outdoor space for exercise/health reasons, fraction of mortality attributable to particulate air pollution and NHS organisations mapped to local authority with a Sustainable Development Management Plan (SDMP). Homelessness, fuel poverty, excess winter deaths and road traffic accidents are also indicators which are related to the environment.

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Regeneration

There is information about regeneration within the JSNA Toolkit, and there are sustainable development plans in Hull which will impact on regeneration.

"Sustainable development provides a framework for balancing economic, social and environmental considerations, including climate change – this supports public health through strengthening community resilience and reducing health inequalities in addition to adapting for the years ahead. Achievement of a sustainable, low carbon, public sector will not be monitoring sustainability is a process measure for board approved sustainable development management plans for public sector organisations."

Department of Health (2012). Improving outcomes and supporting transparency. Part 2: Summary technical specifications of public health indicators, January 2012. London, Department of Health.

NHS organisations mapped to local authority with a Sustainable Development Management Plan (SDMP) is one of the indicators within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Road Traffic Accidents

Details relating to rates of those killed or seriously injured in traffic accidents are given in the JSNA Toolkit.

The number of people reported killed or seriously injured on the roads per 100,000 resident population is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Safety (feelings of)

– see also Social Capital

The Social Capital Surveys and some of the Health and Lifestyle Surveys asked questions about the local environment including feelings of safety. Results are summarised within the JSNA Toolkit and detailed within the survey reports:

Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2014 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report

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Satisfaction

The Social Capital Surveys, and the 2011-12 Health and Lifestyle Surveys asked questions about the local environment including satisfaction with the local area:

Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report

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Tenure

Information relating to housing is given within the JSNA Toolkit, and information relating to tenure which was collected as part of some of the local surveys and is available in the following reports:

Social Capital Survey 2009 Main Report
Social Capital Survey 2004 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2011-12 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
BME Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Gypsy and Traveller Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Main Report
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 Eastern Hull Tables
Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey 2003 West Hull Tables

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Traffic Accidents

Details relating to rates of those killed or seriously injured in traffic accidents are given in the JSNA Toolkit.

The number of people reported killed or seriously injured on the roads per 100,000 resident population is an indicator within Public Health Outcomes Framework and further analysis is given within the Public Health Outcomes Framework Main Report (to open this report on a particular PHOF indicator, click here) and Public Health Outcomes Framework Summary.

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Transport

Ward level data from the 2011 Census is available in the JSNA Hull Atlas in relation to whether households had access to a car or van, and information relating to usual method to travel to work.

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Types of Housing

- see Housing Type

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Waiting Lists for Housing

The JSNA Toolkit gives the number of households on the local authority housing waiting lists.

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